History of Iron Sculpture
Iron sculptures have been a staple art form in civilizations all over the world since ancient times. Ancient Egyptians used gold to create masks for the royal deceased, while the Byzantines and East Asian cultures used gold to create small religious works. Bronze sculptures also have a rich history. China and India are known for larger scale bronze religious statues, but the Greeks and Romans expanded the use of this medium to create life-sized figurative sculptures. During the Renaissance, Western Europe experienced a renewed interest in bronze sculpture and casting techniques. The rise of modernism and industry in the late 1800s led to facilitated methods of production, allowing artists to produce more copies of their metal sculptures and experiment with different styles, including Impressionism and Cubism. Today, sculptors work with a variety of metals, ranging from bronze and steel to iron and copper alloys. The malleability of each metal determines which styles and forms with which these artists experiment.
Metal Sculpture Techniques
Sculptors who work with bronze usually use the lost-wax technique. This method requires the artist to create a model of their intended work out of a softer material such as clay. The artist molds wax on this model, adds another layer of clay, and heats the sculpture to melt the wax. The resulting cast is filled with molten bronze, cooled, and then chipped away until only the bronze work remains. Similar metalworking casting processes include sand casting and plaster mold casting, in which the models are made of sand and plaster, respectively. Artists who create larger pieces, such as outdoor metal sculptures, cast the work in separate pieces and weld each part together. Finishes can be applied to metal sculptures after they are polished to control textures and colors.
Artists Known For Metal Sculpture
Richard Serra is known for his minimalist sheet and scrap metal sculptures like “Tiled Arc” (1981) and “Torqued Ellipse IV” (1998). Pablo Picasso also experimented with wire and malleable sheet metal to create metal wall art sculptures like “Guitar” (1914). David Smith is known for his abstract geometric works like “Cubi XI” 1963, while Alexander Calder created mobile sculptures that hung on ceilings or drifted in the wind. Calder’s signature abstract style also translated well into large outdoor metal sculptures, like “La grande Vitesse” (1969). Auguste Rodin is recognized for his mottled bronze sculptures, most notably “The Thinker” (1902) and “The Three Shades” (1886). Constantin Brancusi, also a bronze sculptor, created highly polished works like “Bird in Space” (1928). Other bronze sculptors include Donatello, Phidias, Myron, and Polykleitos. Other artists known for creating metal sculptures include Isamu Noguchi, Louise Bourgeois, Sir Anthony Caro, Mark di Suvero, Henri Matisse, Henry Moore, Edgar Degas, Alberto Giacometti, Jacob Epstein, and Umberto Boccioni.
Sculpture ''Trough time'' brass, patina. Author / Nikola Pantovic - sculptor. Skulptura ''Kroz Vreme'' patinirani mesing. Autor Nikola Pantovic - Vajar
brass sculpture ''Through time''
Stainless steel sculpture with color.
Skulptura od prohroma sa bojom. (nerdjajuci celik)
Sculpture ''Passage'' wire, iron. Author / Nikola Pantovic - sculptor. Skulptura od zice i metala ''Prolaz'' /Autor Nikola Pantovic - Vajar
On Vacation is welded steel sculpture by Nikola Pantovic sculptor, with symbols of the sea. It is a play between diver and fish, cloud, and flower. I take tuna fish for the model from Salvador Dali's painting tuna fishing.
I make a change from hunting to playing, the diver doesn't hunt fish anymore. Now they are in a hug and in play.
For material I use steel and brass. My technique is directly welding steel and directly welding brass.
I use different metal materials to describe emotions in sculptures, as I use colors too.
Whole sculpture is painted in blue color, the tone of color is between indigo and dark blue.
Accent are on the arm of the diver, it is the polished brass part.
Dimension: height - 66cm width - 70cm
depth - 20cm
Detail of steel sculpture
Steel Sculpture by Nikola Pantovic
Detail of steel sculpture
Gallery ''Vračar'' o izlozbi
The concept of the gallery space in our community is to be a gathering place of artists and citizens and the space in which the exhibitions promote young artists. We are grateful that Pantović the exhibition "Journey" has enabled a remarkable artistic experience and what is his imaginative work has enriched our space - said the member of the Council Bogdan Tatic at the opening of the exhibition of sculptures, drawings and paintings by Nikola Pantović.
I always loved the students who had attitude, Nikola during his studies his personality and confidence used in the right way. This exhibition is an example of professional approach to the material, it is a serious creative work done artisanal maximum preciznp - said the professor of the Faculty of Applied Arts Marko Lađušić occasion of the exhibition "Journey" Nikola Pantović steel sculpture.
Galerija ''Vračar'' o izlozbi
Концепт галеријског простора у нашој општини јесте да буде место сусрета уметника и грађана и простор у којем се изложбама афирмишу млади уметници. Захвални смо Николи Пантовићу што нам је изложбом „Путовање“ омогућио изузетан уметнички доживљај и што је својим маштовитим радовима оплеменио наш простор – истакао је члан Већа Богдан Татић на отварању изложбе скулптура, цртежа и слика Николе Пантовића.
Увек сам волео студенте који су имали став, Никола је током студија своју личност и самопоуздање користио на прави начин. Ова изложба је пример професионалног односа према материјалу, то је озбиљан креативни опус урађен занатски максимално прецизно – истакао је професор Факултета примењених уметности Марко Лађушић поводом изложбе „Путовање“ Николе Пантовића.